How to avoid food waste: 6 easy and effective tips


Food waste is considered one of the biggest global problems as a huge number of people in the world are suffering from starvation. Wasted food ends up in the garbage and then in the landfill producing methane that is much more harmful than greenhouse gas. There are many reasons why food is wasted. For example some supermarket’s chains don’t want to sell food that looks ugly or weird. 

Food waste also refers to items that could be consumed but unfortunately are thrown away. Moreover, during the stages of production, a huge amount of food is wasted because of wrong storage or transportation.

How can we reduce food waste? Is there something we can do?


1. Make a grocery list

Plan ahead for your grocery because a well organized grocery shopping can make a big difference. When you overbuy food, there’s the risk that part of it will go straight to the rubbish bin. It’s necessary to make a grocery list before you go to the supermarket and make sure to buy what you need. Don’t be fooled by discounted prices that attract everyone’s attention. Half price, sale season and promotions can make your shopping more challenging. They offer you more stuff for the same price. Great. Why not? Because most of the time you don’t need them. If you have a list, stick to it.


2. Organize your pantry

Your kitchen organization can save a lot of food and preserve its freshness. First of all list the items you have already, put them all in the same place and go through each of them. Ask yourself what you really want to keep in your kitchen and what you don’t need anymore. Open drawers and cabinets and make sure that everything is under your control. Before purchasing new things, give priority to old glass jars, unused cups, containers, pots and other materials. In this way you will save money and time. Be creative and determine how to organize your kitchen pantry. Separate glass jars based on their shapes and sizes so you can easily decide what kind of food to store in them. Jars are perfect because they can be washed, they are safe and can be reused endlessly. Customize them with labels.


3. Compost waste

Composting helps to enrich soil with nutrients, encouraging the production of beneficial bacteria and it reduces food waste. Everyone can compost at home, When you learn what to do and how it works, you will get a lot of benefits from the composting process. The composting process is natural because it transforms organic waste in valuable fertilizer. You can choose if you want to compost inside or outside. The best spot to compost is away from direct light otherwise your food scraps will dry too much.


4. Store food correctly

When you buy food that you won’t eat shortly, make sure to check the expiration date in order to avoid waste. Don’t forget that the expiration date determines when food can’t be consumed anymore. In addition to this, if you can, look for more sustainable options to the plastic packaging. Another way to keep your food fresh and avoid wasting it, is fridge organization. Each fridge’s shelf has a different function and temperature. A proper food storage preserves the quality and nutritional values of your food and keeps away molds and harmful bacteria. Don’t forget to do a weekly fridge check to ensure food’s health.


5. Freeze extra food

When food is about to expire, you can save it by putting it in your freezer. Yes, all you have to do is to freeze it. A great example comes from aromatic herbs. A quick tip to reuse them is to use an ice cube tray, fill it with olive oil and place them in it. You can do the same with bread, vegetables, fruits such as berries and bananas (perfect for homemade shakes).


6. Make a weekly menu

How do you decide what to buy and what to put on your table? I guess by planning your week ahead. When you make a weekly menu, you can save a lot of waste. In fact, this plan helps you to keep track of the food you need for the whole week. Write down your favourite meals (for you and your family), search online for some homemade recipes, prepare the containers and the kitchen’s storage areas such as fridge and pantry shelves where the food will be organized. 


Although all of these above are great tips to prevent food waste, feel free to find other ways and make sure to do what works better for you. Share your best suggestions with your family, friends and neighbors, because food waste affects everyone and each of us can do something.